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Tanya for Tuesday, 8 Nisan, 5784 - April 16, 2024

As Divided for a Leap Year

Tanya for 8 Nissan

7 Nisan, 5784 - April 15, 20249 Nisan, 5784 - April 17, 2024

[We see, at any rate, that love and fear of G-d are described as "wings".

According to what has been said above concerning the role of love and fear in elevating one's Torah and mitzvot, the analogy is clearly understood, as follows]:

The wings of a bird are not its main components; its life does not depend on them at all, for as the Mishnah implies, [13] a bird whose wings were removed is kosher.

Rather, the main parts are its head and the rest of its body; the wings merely serve the head and body, enabling them to fly.

Likewise with Torah and mitzvot: They constitute the essential Supernal union by the revelation of Supernal Will which they cause; fear and love, [like wings, merely] elevate the Torah and mitzvot to a place where this Will - the blessed Ein Sof-light - and this unity can be revealed, namely, Yetzirah and Beriah. *


[To his statement that Beriah and Yetzirah are the place to which Torah and mitzvot are elevated, and where the union caused by them is revealed, the Alter Rebbe adds]:

Or even in Asiyah, in the ten holy Sefirot [of that World], the abode of the mitzvot consisting of action.

[Performing these mitzvot out of "submission to the heavenly yoke" elevates the mitzvot to the Sefirot of Asiyah and reveals the Supernal union there.

For such submission is related to G-d's attribute of Sovereignty (Malchut), which pervades Asiyah; moreover, these mitzvot are performed at the level of action, which corresponds to Asiyah].

Likewise with [the study of] Scripture.

[This, too, is related to Asiyah, for the mitzvah of studying Scripture requires one to recite the holy words, and speech is considered a minor form of action].

But in the case of Mishnah, the union and the blessed Ein Sof-light are revealed in Yetzirah.

[For the halachic rulings contained in the Mishnah are derived from the middot: the attribute of Chesed dictates that a particular object be deemed kosher, or a litigant judged innocent, while Gevurah dictates that it be ruled unkosher, and the litigant pronounced guilty, and so on.

The Mishnah is therefore on the level of Yetzirah, the World of middot].

In the case of Talmud [the union and Ein Sof-light are revealed] in Beriah [14] - [for the Talmud seeks out the logic underlying the Mishnaic laws; it is thus related to ChaBaD, which are manifest in Beriah].

[This does not mean, however, that the union effected by the study of Mishnah, for example, takes place only in Yetzirah, and that effected by study of Scripture only in Asiyah, etc.

Were this the intention, an obvious difficulty would arise: Scripture is holier than Mishnah (as indicated by the law that one may place the Scriptures on top of a book of Mishnah, but not vice versa), and Mishnah holier than Talmud. Why then should the revelation of Ein Sof- light created by their (respective) study be in reverse order, with Talmud, the least holy of the three, effecting a revelation in Beriah, the highest of the three Worlds?

We must, perforce, say that] -

This means that by the study of Scripture the union and [revelation of] the blessed Ein Sof-light extends from Atzilut downward till the World of Asiyah; through study of Mishnah, only till Yetzirah; and through Talmud, only till Beriah; for all of them (Scripture, Mishnah and Talmud) are in Atzilut, and effect the union and revelation there.

The difference between them lies only in how "far" from Atzilut the impact of the study reaches.

Kabbalah, however, effects a union and revelation in Atzilut that does not extend at all to the lower Worlds - Beriah, Yetzirah or Asiyah, as is written in Pri Etz Chayim.




  1. (Back to text) The Rebbe Shlita notes: "The actual wording of the Mishnah is, `if they were broken' (Chullin 3:4). However, we learn from this that the same law applies to a case where the wings have been removed. (See Taz, beginning of ch. 53.)"

  2. (Back to text) Note of the Rebbe Shlita: "At first glance this is difficult to understand, for Scripture is more sacred than Mishnah (which is why a Chumash may be placed on a Mishnah, but not the other way around); so too, Mishnah [is more sacred] than Talmud.

    Nonetheless, with regard to their revelation we find the opposite to be the case, as just mentioned [in Tanya]. Namely, Scripture is revealed within the lowest of all worlds, the World of Asiyah, Mishnah [is revealed in Yetzirah], and so on."However, the answer is: `When one studies..." [i.e., there is a difference between the actual text and the study of that text]; see Torah Or 17a."

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